Essays

The Impact of 2014 U.S Economic Sanctions on Russian Public Welfare an ...

The use of economic sanctions as an alternative to military conflict can be traced back to Pericles’ issuing of the Megarian Decree in 432 B.C.[1] While the exact reasoning for the sanctions is still debated, historian […]

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Strengths, Tensions, and Concerns for US-Saudi Relations from 1979 unt ...

  “The enemy of my enemy is my friend.”  Often the foundation for unexpected diplomatic alliances, this intuitive, common notion can help explain why, on the surface, two unlikely allies—the United States, a liberal, Western democratic […]

Radio Free Europe and the Rhetoric of Liberation

Introduction On February 28, 2014 President Barack Obama publicly addressed the military mobilization of Russian forces in the Crimean Peninsula for the first time in a White House press conference. “The Ukrainian people deserve the opportunity […]

We “Still Waiting”: Barriers to the Achievement of Social Equality ...

During its transition to democracy in May of 1996, South Africa adopted one of the most progressive national constitutions of its time—the first in the world to explicitly prohibit discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, […]

First Place – The Armenian Genocide Centennial and the Politics ...

After the bitter winter months, springtime brings hope and warmth to Yerevan, the Armenian capital. As the melting alpine snow gives way to roaring streams, wildflowers push through the sleepy soil, dotting the earth with yawning […]

Second Place – A Farewell to ‘Dulce et Decorum est’? Constit ...

My friend, you would not tell with such high zest To children ardent for some desperate glory, The old Lie; Dulce et Decorum est Pro patria mori. —Wilfred Owen[1] Since France and the Netherlands rejected a […]

Third Place – Advancing Deterrence and Eradicating Agency: The 1 ...

“Air power may either end war or end civilization.”  — Winston Churchill, House of Commons, 14 March 1933 In the spring of 1920, British armed forces in Mesopotamia found themselves mired in the largest British-led military engagement […]

Honorable Mention – China in Africa: The Role of “Non-Official ...

The third world, as it used to be known, is disappearing gradually, as the parts of it that have developed are now concentrating their energies on building up those that have not. – Robert D. Kaplan, […]

Honorable Mention – Understanding Sexual Warfare in Kashmir: Pre ...

Since the Indian invasion of 1947, the northern state of Jammu and Kashmir has been plagued by fierce armed conflict and political tension. Kashmiri insurgents have organized into over a dozen regionalist rebel groups and demand […]

A Case for Clandestine Diplomacy: The Secret UK-US-Libyan Talks

Introduction From the Cuban Missile Crisis to today’s Israeli-Palestinian conflict, clandestine diplomacy has played an integral role in international relations—both past and present.[1] Academic research, however, has long overlooked the critical role intelligence actors play in […]

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